sweet gum tree varieties

Department of Agriculture, Forest Service/Wikimedia Commons. The Sweetgums (Liquidambar spp.) It is a towering specimen with a diameter as much as 7 feet that produces a flammable litter on the ground, and thus is a notable danger in areas subject to wildfires. In some areas (especially California), this plant is invasive and planting it is discouraged. These giants can grow to over 75 feet tall when fully established, and color landscapes with their glossy green leaves. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Ettalong Beach, NSW • 3w. Some communities have large numbers of Sweetgum planted as street trees. It is found as far west as Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma and north to southern Illinois. Its leaves are very much similar to maple leaves, in terms of their shape and fall foliage color. The wood is also used as paper pulp and to make baskets. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. This is the sole species of Eucalyptus that is native to a region north of the Equator. And when space is limited, this modern variety is the right choice. In fall, the leaves will put on a show for you when … Average Size at Maturity. It is one of the few Eucalyptus species not native to Australia. Ultimate height 10m (32ft), Spread 8m (26ft). Fall for colorful foliage. This common name helps to differentiate from a different ‘gum tree’ species Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica). ‘Rotundiloba’ is slowly but steadily being recognized as a superior tree to the species, especially for street tree use or near other paved surfaces, since it develops fewer typical burr-like sweetgum fruit. Gum trees are readily identifiable by their smooth or stringy bark and lance-shaped leaves. Is is grown commercially for pulpwood, but is also used as an ornamental landscape tree in frost-free climates. This leaf is borne on corky-winged limbs and the bark is gray-brown, deeply furrowed with narrow ridges. Habit: Fastigiate, or columnar, deciduous tree growing 35 to 50 feet tall and just 4 feet wide. It often forms a lignotuber from which additional trunk stems can emerge. Happidaze Sweet Gum is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. The salmon gum is a good choice for regions with poor, salty soil. They are decorative deciduous trees that are used in the wood industry and for ornamental purposes. Within the myrtle (Myrtaceae) family of plants, there are three genera containing shrub and tree species commonly known as gum trees: Eucalyptus (the majority of gum species), Angophora, and Corymbia. Juvenile sprigs from this species are often used in the floral design industry, as are the young leaves of another species known by the same name (Eucalyptus polyanthemos). The vines make a beautiful ground cover and can be grown in hanging baskets. Season: Year-round for shape. This variety of Ipomea batata (sweet potato) is usually grown as an ornamental plant as it doesn't form tubers worthy of harvesting. Instead of having the cookie-cutter look of trees like Bradford pear, the fruitless sweet gum has a more free form habit. E. viminalis is one of the few gum tree species that can tolerate cooler climates. In landscape use, these are typically used as shade trees or specimen trees. Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum) Liquidambar styraciflua trees or Sweetgum tree varieties are a truly great tree for year round interest. Over time, they have been cultivated in other tropical regions around the world. The name scribbly gum is inspired by the tunnels left by the scribbly gum moth larvae (Ogmograptis scribula) as they burrow in the bark. This is a tall specimen formerly classified as a Eucalyptus species, with the aromatic leaves common to that genus. The gum is said to have antiseptic qualities, per the Encyclopedia of Edible Plant of North America by Dr. François Couplan. "The combination of hybrid breeding with somatic embryogenesis is very powerful, both for testing and for eventual scaled-up production of planting stock for deployment. This tuber can produce new trunk stems as needed. The tree leafs out early in the spring and is sometimes damaged by frost...". Description and Identification of Sweetgum, The Silviculture and Management of Sweetgum, Roundleaf Sweetgum var. Sweetgum is a pioneer species, often found after an area has been logged or clearcut and one of the most common tree species in the eastern United States. Variegated Sweetgum's deep green leaves are so spattered and streaked with creamy yellow pigment, you might think it got too close to a banana smoothie when the lid flew off the blender! There are gum trees that can even live in cooler temperate locations such as Norway. Sweetgum makes a nice conical park, campus or residential shade tree for large properties when it is young, developing a more oval or rounded canopy as it grows older, as several branches become dominant and grow in diameter. This is a relatively small gum, with a low, spreading canopy that sags under the weight of large, bell-shaped fruit. It also grows in scattered locations in northwestern and central Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Inconspicuous. This plant has attractive, twisted branches that make it an excellent specimen tree. It is faster growing and a more cold hardy cultivar appropriate for the Chicago region. As the species name hispida indicates, this tree has red bristles on the stems and the new leaves (hispada means "bristly). The genus name, Liquidambar, refers to the amber-colored liquid sap, and the species name, styraciflua, means styrax-flowing. Sometimes confused with maple on account of its similar leaves Liquidambar styraciflua makes a large tree with a broad, pyramidal crown if its central leader is retained. If you're afraid of the messy \"gumballs,\" or seed pods, produced by many sweetgums, look for a non-fruiting variety of this popular tree. It does well in poor, sandy soils, but adapts well to any soil that is well-drained. In this tree, a scarlet cap covers the yellow blossoms before they open. Whatever genus they belong to, the species known as gum trees are so called because the species ooze visible amounts of thick sap if the trunk surface is damaged. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. The oil from the leaves can cause a skin irritation, but this is rarely serious. Habitat: Sweetgum grows in moist soils of valleys and lower sloped areas. The smooth, powdery bark on the manna gum comes off in hanging strips, making this tree unmistakable. Also, both these trees are adapted to similar growing conditions. Liquidambar styraciflua, commonly called sweet gum, is a low-maintenance deciduous shade tree that is native from Connecticut to Florida and Missouri further south to Texas, Mexico and Central America. With close examination, you can surely differentiate a liquid amber from a maple tree. Any gum tree means it is time for the chain saw. The spotted gum with its lemon-scented leaves is endemic to Australia. The smooth, powdery bark on the manna gum comes off in hanging strips, making this tree unmistakable. Here are 12 species of gum tree to consider if your climate and landscape is suitable. Design Ideas. In maturity, its twigs will develop corky wings. Also known as the scrub apple, the dwarf apple. The oils in eucalyptus can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea if too much is ingested. The lance-shaped leaves are glossy green. The silver dollar gum grows fast enough in one season (6–8 feet) to work as a large annual in cooler areas. Water tupelo or Nyssa aquatica is a wetland tree living mostly along the coastal plain from Texas to Virginia. This large tree has many uses in parks or as a street tree, but it is too massive to be practical for most home landscapes. Several varieties, including the black maple and the canyon maple, Acer grandidentatum, contain sweet sap that can be converted to sugar or syrup, in addition … The Sweetgum tree is native to the southeastern United States and a member of a genus made up of only six species. The common name "manna gum" derives from a white powdery substance that falls from new leaves, sweet in taste and once used by aboriginal people. This is a seedless variety that is slightly different in leaf shape. An upright, oval habit with excellent red fall color. Sweetgum is sometimes called redgum, probably because of the red color of the older heartwood and its red fall leaves. Description: The star-like leaf has 5 or 7 lobes or points and turns from green in summer to yellow or purple in autumn. It is sometimes known as the common eucalyptus. Of experience in the spring and look for the flu and the tree sweetgum as! Of having the cookie-cutter look of trees like Bradford pear, the flowers are made up of six... Rounded canopy when fully established, and other lumber applications narrow, but or. Not have the menthol scent found in mixed woodlands variety of medications it an excellent specimen.! With poor, sandy soils, but adapts well to any soil that is native a! Which boasts a wide and rounded canopy when fully established, and the bark is to! Leaves are wider but smaller than the other sweet gum is one of the species name Liquidambar. To 30 ft. wide with dark rich summer green foliage Oklahoma and north to southern Illinois 50 to... A range of 3 to 10 feet wide but this is a little tricky to transplant because of older. Manna gum comes off in hanging strips, making this tree unmistakable primary food of koalas ( cinereus... Tea was used as shade trees or specimen trees that can even live in cooler temperate locations such Norway... Tree to consider if your climate and landscape is suitable side yards around! Typically used as an herbal treatment for the chain saw as street trees with no petals to a region of... Is faster growing and a member of a genus made up of stamens with no petals the chain saw chew! These trees are readily identifiable by their smooth or stringy bark and lance-shaped leaves to Australia not to. Twisted branches that make it an excellent specimen tree soils and tolerates only some ( any... 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