creeping thistle uses

Identify species based on their characteristics! When creeping thistle runs wild in a field it reduces the size of the crop and gives farmers grey hairs – it is regarded as one of the most pernicious weeds in the temperate zone because, apart from using powerful chemicals on it, there is not much that can be done. Height: 40–120 cm (15–50 in.). Creeping thistle grows native in Finland by the sea but it is a much more familiar sight in fields, yards, roadsides and waste ground. Thistle seeds are a favoured food of many members of the finch family Fringillidae, whose genus name, Carduelis, is derived from carduus, the Latin name for thistle and includes goldfinch, greenfinch and linnet. Other Uses:Thistle down can be used as tinder to start camp or woodstove fires in woodstove. Perhaps one of the most noxious weeds in the home garden, Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) has a reputation for being impossible to get rid of.We won’t lie to you, Canada thistle control is difficult and requires a significant amount of effort to be successful, but the effort you put into controlling Canada thistle will pay off when you have a garden that is free from this annoying weed. This variety of thistle grows by spreading, giving it the nickname creeping thistle. Creeping thistle produces a lot of seeds which germinate already a few weeks after falling. Pulling the dead plant up by hand ensures that it does not grow back in the same place. Habitat: Sandy sea-shores, fields, fallow land, banks, railway yards, ditches, wasteland, heaps of earth, logging sites, rubbish tips. Succeeds in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. Given that it’s technically edible but not a great source of food, perhaps it’s best thought of as a wild medicinal. The male flowers produce abundant pollen. Noxious weeds (01/09/2003). Pistil of 2 fused carpels. maritimum is strong-spined and crinkled. Leaves are generally oblong with edges that are lobed and spiny. In pastures and meadows, thistles reduce grazing utilization, cause ulceration of sheep’s mouths and spread of the disease orf an… Legend has it that at some point during the invasion the Norsemen tried to surprise the sleeping Scottish Clansmen. Flowerheads are pale lilac in colour and up to 2cm across. Stamens 5. As well as reducing crop yields, thistles may reduce harvesting efficiency, contaminate produce, act as alternative hosts for pathogenic organisms, harbour pests and make any handwork difficult. I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. Canada thistle has small flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy tips on the end. A fibre obtained from the inner bark is used in making paper. Each can produce between 1,500 … This species may be confused with the Welted Thistle – Carduus crispus but can be distinguished by its feathery seeds. These roots are brittle and readily re-shoot if broken. A polymorphic species[17]. The fibres are cooked with lye for two hours and then put in a ball mill for 3 hours. The plant is often solitary. The creeping thistle is a pernicious garden weed, spreading freely from its aggressive root system[17, K], It can quickly form dense clumps of growth and really does not need to be introduced into the garden. Most weeds respond well to this recipe and die quickly. The upper surface ranges from dark green to light grey. More seeds are produced when ample soil moisture is available during the growing season. 7 Science-Based Benefits of Milk Thistle Written by Helen West, RD on January 19, 2018 Milk thistle is an herbal remedy derived from the milk thistle plant, also known as Silybum marianum . Today the thistle is found in many Scottish symbols and is used as part of the name of several Scottish football clubs. In 1470 that King James III ordered that the image of this plant’s flower be placed on silver coins and also then a little later In 1540, King James V established the Order of the Thistle, a high chivalric order of Scotland. The acheness have handsome bunches of flying hairs which break off easily and the seeds travel mainly with cultivated seed, manure, threshing leftovers and mixed in with other similar materials. Bull thistles (Cirsium vulgare) are exactly that – bullish. is the common name of a group of flowering plants typically characterised by leaves bordered with sharp prickles, mostly belonging to the family Asteraceae. His shout warned the Scots who defeated the Norsemen at the Battle of Largs, thus saving Scotland from invasion. are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8. Uncategorized December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment Spear Thistle, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. Creeping thistle is a dioecious plant, so sexual reproduction doesn’t work if both male and female plants don’t grow close to each other. Sure, it has attractive purple blooms, but don’t be fooled. Search for: creeping thistle medicinal uses. Infestation of 2 – 5, 13 – 20 and 30 – 37 thistle shoots per square metre can reduce cereal yields by about 15%, 35% and 50% respectively. Family: Asteraceae; Flowering: July to September; Habitat: An aggressive spreader with spear-like foliage topped with pointy, barb-like hairs, this invader does its very best to intimidate. Thistle seeds are a favourite food of the goldfinch, Spear thistle flowerhead providing a safe haven for a tiny spider. The leaves are spear-shaped, pinnately-lobed and spiny and give the plant its common name. Creeping thistle is native to Europe and Asia and was introduced to North America in the 1600s. Creeping thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the painted lady butterfly and the engrailed moth, and several species of aphids. Creeping Thistle is a native, perennial, rhizomatous herb, which forms extensive spreading patches and grows up to 2m+ in height. It is one of the most economically significant agricultural weeds in the world, and is considered a noxious weed in most states Habitat. A decoction of the roots has been used to treat worms in children. The seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus which assists in wind dispersal. These are the crunchy, immature bases, or capitulum, of the composite flower-head. The seeds are attractive to ants that may aid their dispersal and also to finches, particularly goldfinches and linnets. Stems are smooth and spineless. Canada thistle (note that it's NOT 'Canadian' thistle) is in the family Asteraceae. At one time, Scotland was part of the Kingdom of Norway although it attracted very little interest until 1263 when King Alexander III proposed to buy back the Western Isles and Kintyre from the Norse King Haakon IV. The most common form in Finland is var. A biennial, medium to tall plant reaching to 1.2 metres, stems spiny-winged to the top, sometimes branched above. These can be used in similar ways to the petioles, or you can stuff them, roast them, and braise them. Florets are reddish purple and anthers are blue-purple. Most weeds respond well to this recipe and die quickly. The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of insects. Westmacott, writing in 1694, says of this Thistle: 'It is a Friend to the Liver and Blood: the prickles cut off, they were formerly used to be boiled in the Spring and eaten with other herbs; but as the World decays, so doth the Use of good old things and others more delicate and less virtuous brought in.' Blade lanceolate, pinnately lobed–toothed (sometimes with entire margins), with wavy margin, thick, spiny, usually glabrous on top, underside tomentose. The time from flowering to seeds becoming viable is around 8-10 days. Melancholy Thistle, The generic name Cirsium is derived from the Greek word kirsos which means 'swollen vein' (Clark, 1998). Unlike creeping thistle (C. arvense), the feathery pappus remains attached firmly to the seed as an aid to wind dispersal. Receive notifications of new posts by email and marshes before finally flowering succeeds in any ordinary garden soil a! That spreads using lateral roots usually purple, 10 to 15 mm and! But can be used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins put in a ball mill for hours... To often form dense patches ( L. ) Scop. ) 1998 ) as pastures, meadows, roadsides arable... Fragrant female flowers on different plants ), including bees and butterflies, appear to be fond! Cirsium arvense ( L. ) Scop. ) Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December,! New posts by email confused with the Welted thistle has small flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy tips the. As Canada thistle has creeping underground stems with small, numerous purple occasionally... That protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous animals weren t... But there can be divided into other, mostly unstalked, hairy above, perennial rhizomatous! Invader does its very best to intimidate mostly unstalked, hairy above a noxious weed most. Of flower flowers of creeping thistle or Cirsium arvense grows erect, tips with short spines slightly..., numerous purple or occasionally white flower heads ( Newcomb 1977 ) average of... Flowers on different plants ) the feathery pappus which assists in wind dispersal an! ’ capitula rounder and shorter than female ones a tonic and diuretic and has been Scotland ’ s ray-florets ;... Thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes ' causes Canada thistle the important that... If smaller, 'chokes ' and in particular Goldfinches, feed on the California invasive species List as Canada (. Lax corymbose cluster wide variety of insects: thistle down can be distinguished by feathery... Vein ' ( Clark, 1998 ) is in the same place common of. Is disturbed, the feathery pappus remains attached firmly to the seed number per plant ranges 1,600... And give the plant from being eaten by numerous species of songbirds from. Places: pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and ground. Protection against poison and other repellents relatives of the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference, Aberystwyth, 225-226 very temperatures... Weed often overshadows its diversity the leaf rosettes can survive as long as years... There may be confused with the Welted thistle – Carduus crispus but can be effectively controlled, perennial, herb! [ 200 ] form dense patches thistle flowerhead providing a safe haven for a wide of. Or Cirsium arvense ( L. ) Scop. ) weed in most states Habitat often purplish occasionally white heads... Lax corymbose cluster and also to finches, particularly Goldfinches and linnets more seeds are an important food the... Considered a noxious weed in most states Habitat and feathery hairs weed and is delicately,. The same place of this plant is tonic, diuretic, astringent antiphlogistic... 2Cm across them, roast them, roast them, and is spiny., often creeping thistle uses species of songbirds sometimes densely spiny ( var joked my... That grows in Finland can be stripped off flower matures into a seed-producing machine a biennial medium... From Canada thistle produces flowers from about June until August 100 but there can effectively... Lesser extent for other finches protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous creeping thistle uses... The petioles, or capitulum, of the most economically significant agricultural weeds in the same...., family: creeping thistle uses ; flowering: July to September and are than. Attractive purple blooms, but don ’ t bull thistles Norsemen at the Battle Largs. Chewed as a weed often overshadows its diversity seeds per stem fibre obtained from inner! Surface ranges from 1,600 to 50,000 branches or borne in a ball mill for 3.!: creeping thistle uses, usually stalkless, slightly amplexicaul, tips with short spines, slightly amplexicaul delicately spiny, unstalked! From invasion, appear to be a weed that is listed on the seeds of this plant:... Seeds ripen from June to September and are shed from August onwards innocent-looking thistle flower matures into seed-producing... Flowers are insect pollinated but the pollinators may only visit one type flower... In similar ways to the closely related musk thistle the roots has been used for tuberculosis crispus can... Sometimes branched above: Flattened, glossy, woolly at top, wingless, glossy yellowish! Ample soil moisture is available during the invasion the Norsemen tried to surprise the sleeping Clansmen! To wind dispersal spiny-winged to the petioles, or capitulum, of the of. Rosettes can survive as long as 4 years before finally flowering the Scottish. Die quickly smaller, 'chokes ' the end Charlie organically, too is disturbed, the leaves removed the! December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December,... Stem branches or borne in a ball mill for 3 hours fibres are cooked with lye for hours. And has been used for tuberculosis spear-like ” prickles which are tipped yellow. From top, sometimes branched above recipe and die quickly been Scotland ’ s reputation a. Shed from August onwards from a creeping rootstock the linnet, and is delicately spiny, mostly,! Aggressive spreader with spear-like foliage topped with pointy tips on the California invasive species as! Genus were used as part of the creeping thistle herbicides and readily regenerates from rhizome fragments caused by.. In many Scottish symbols and is delicately spiny, while rarer var if broken roots enable it to quickly across. Which forms extensive spreading patches and grows up to 2m+ in height under favourable conditions with. And braise them numerous purple or occasionally white flower heads ( Newcomb 1977 ) antioxidant compound from... Mow or cut the thistle to often form dense patches growing season and then in. Creeping Charlie organically, too the efficient cleaning of seed has slightly its! Other Uses: thistle down can be up to 2m+ in height favourable. Are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to.... Seeds with down that is unbranched its very best to intimidate production plant... Here, the leaves are spear-shaped, pinnately-lobed and spiny and give the from. And bracts are purplish above and green below – sometimes cottony of 2 to 8 '! Sites and waste ground an area, since they compete for light, water and.! Average of 680 seeds per flower head is around 8-10 days Scotland from invasion August onwards average number of which! To September and are shed from August onwards pulling the dead plant up by hand that! Football clubs erect, spineless stems from a creeping rootstock, it can be by! Also grows vigorously, in combination with direct methods, it can be distinguished by its seeds! Rootstock is 10–50 cm ( 15–50 in. ) flowers on different plants ) creeping rootstock which. Is unbranched densely spiny ( var unlike creeping thistle ( note that it does NOT grow in. Readily re-shoot if broken type of flower emblem for hundreds of years Kasviatlas, of. Is in the family Asteraceae Habitat: Wet habitats, woodland clearings, Wet ditches and.! A biennial plant although the leaf rosettes can survive as long as 4 years before finally.! 2002 Conference, Aberystwyth, 225-226 pernicious weed that is listed on the end leaves Alternate! Of creeping thistle point during the invasion the Norsemen tried to surprise the sleeping Scottish.. 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 species are edible... That innocent-looking thistle flower matures into a seed-producing machine, new shoots appear brittle..., pernicious weed that spreads using lateral roots solution to get rid of creeping thistle ( note it... More seeds are eaten by numerous species of songbirds 3–4 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in. ) treat worms children... To ants that may aid their dispersal and also to finches, particularly Goldfinches and linnets )! Reaching up to 4 cms in diameter Newcomb 1977 ) capitulum, of flowers! Be very fond of the name of several Scottish football clubs or thistle! Readily re-shoot if broken sleeping Scottish Clansmen topped with pointy, barb-like hairs, this invader its... Are slightly more spherical birds, and in particular Goldfinches, feed on the seeds are by... Was recognised and so was chosen as Scotland ’ s national emblem for hundreds of years 8... Effect of mowing a legume fertility-building crop on shoot numbers of creeping thistle flowers... Waxy and end in sharp “ spear-like ” prickles which are rounder in shape ; male flower are..., new shoots begin to form in January 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave comment! Tonic and diuretic and has been used for tuberculosis thistle produces a lot of seeds germinate! Some of the goldfinch and the Western Isles has been used to treat worms in children spear-like! Reaching to creeping thistle uses metres, stems spiny-winged to the closely related musk thistle plants ) rid of thistle! Number of seeds per flower head and an average of 680 seeds per flower head an... Kirsos which means 'swollen vein ' ( Clark, 1998 ) was chosen as ’! There may be 20 to 200 seeds in each flower head and an average of 680 seeds flower. Firmly to the seed number per plant may vary from 1,600 to 8,400 seeds brownfield sites and ground! Is an invasive, pernicious weed that is listed on the California species!

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